Ten Commandments Notes


Ten Commandments

Today we are going to start talking about a topic that is important for Children of God to know.  

●    Can anyone tell me all of the ten commandments?
    ○    no other god but the Lord
    ○    have no idol or image that you bow down to
    ○    do not take the Lord’s name in vein
    ○    observe the Sabbath
    ○    honor your mother and father
    ○    don’t murder
    ○    don’t commit adultery
    ○    don’t steal
    ○    don’t give false witness
    ○    don’t covet anything that another has
●    Did God give these commandments to the people by Moses putting them on the tablets or did He speak to the people themselves directly?
●    Exodus 20:18-21
    ○    These commandments were given to the children of Isreal from God himself.  God spoke them directly to the people.  
        -    God started to speak to the people about the commandments and covenant He was to make with the people, but they were afarid but the voice of God and asked that He speak through Moses instead.  So them Moses and Joshua went up on the mountain and God gave the 2 stone tablets with all the commandments and the covenant on it which Moses brought down to the people.  Exodus 32 that people had made a golden calf and were worshiping it and Moses came down and was so angry that he threw the tablets down and broke them.  Moses had to go back up on the mountain for another 40 days and night while God made 2 more stone tablets with the commands and covenant on them.  Exodus 34.
●      Now lets begin to look at the ten commandments in some depth Exodus 20:1-17.

●    vs 1-3  
    ○    God reminds them who He is and what He has done for them.  Lead them out of Egypt.
    ○    He tells them the first command that will be given to the people.  
    ○    D. L. Moody talks about the importance of this command.  He says “if men were true to this commandment, obedience to the femaining nie would follow naturally.
    ○    it is because we falter on this one that we break the others.  
    ○    God is saying that He is not to be one of many gods or even the highest ranking god, but He is the ONLY God and should be treated like that.  
    ○    All of mankind has a natural longing to seek a Supreme Being.  We look around us and see the creation that is around us and we know somewhere in us that there is a creator.  
        -    Some people look and decide that there is no being superior to themselves so they feel that there must not be a god.  
        -    others look and see and believe the there are many gods and that each one handles a different purpose here on this planet.  
        -    Greek and Romans mythology are examples of this kind of thing.  They had a hierchary to their gods, and that each god had a purpose and all reported to the top one.  
    ○    There must be no compromise on who God is and that we must worship only Him.  
        -    Moody also points out that we can’t worship fully any god unless we know who the god is.  
        -    That is the reason behind the first commandment to tell the people who He is so that we can worship Him completely in all that we do and in every way.  
        -    this also stresses the point that He is the only God and that there is to be no comprising on this.  There is to be no worshiping Him and other gods besides Him.  He can’t serve 2 masters and if we are trying to please other multiple gods than we are trying to serve masters and it will not work.  We can’t have a divided heart about what we worship.  
        -    The term that applies to this should be “All in” we should be worshiping God with all we have.
        -    Moody also points out that “He created us, He certainly ought to have our devotion.  He should be the first and only place in our affections?”  
        -    We are not to have any idols in our lives.  
        -    What is an idol?  Anything that takes the place of God as number in our heart.  Anything that causes our attention and worship to leave the one true God.  
        -    Any examples that anybody can think of?  Job, family, kids, spouse, money, power/control of things, sports, love of self, tv, etc.  
        -    Even when we think we are doing it for Jesus/God it can be an idol.  Dwelling on how much we give to the church or do for the church and allowing it to become a point of pride in our lives.  
        -    Again anything that takes the place of God and consumes our heart and mind is an idol.  It might not be tangible or something that we can make into what we want.   
        -    if anything comes into our life that pushes God out of the top spot in our heart and our worship than it is an idol.
●    This leads us into the next commandment vs 4-6
    ○    does the cross necklace break the 2nd commandment?  What about a picture of Jesus?  What about a nativity scene?  
    ○    is a picture of Jesus that we commonly see a true biblical description of Him?  Revelation 19:11-16 gives a description of what Jesus looks like.  Eyes of fire, sword out of His mouth, robes dipped in blood, does not sound like the pictures I have seen of Him.  He know that Jesus looks like man and that He walked the earth as a man but we don’t know His hair color our other traits that we generally associated with descriptions of people.  
    ○    Some people believe that pictures and crosses and things are a violation of the commandment.  That we should not have any physical representation of God in our lives.  
        -    the fact that He says not to make any image of anything in heaven.  This is hard when God Himself told the people of Israel to put angels on the ark of the covenant.  Also other things in the temple were shaped to be like things in heaven.  
●    He told all people of Israel to destroy all the alters and anything that resembled anything of devotion to their gods.  He told them to not keep anything of these things no matter what the value of it might.  
    be.  He told them to destroy it all.  This was more so that they were not lead astray by the presence of the idol.  (Deut. 7:25-26).
    ○    A lot of religions have a statue or something that they worship or pray it.  We are commanded to worship in spirit and in truth.  That means that each of us is indwelled with the Holy Spirit and we have His presence with us all the time so that we need not look to a picture as a reminder of Him in our lives.  
    ○    He has this so that we will not take the image which is incomplete as its best.  Our minds can not possibly full understand the fullness of God and so we can not put it into some image of the complete God.  Any attempt to make an image of God is not going to measure up.  
    ○    it could also cause us to be lead astray in our worship.  We may not see it at first, but if we give these things any importance than we are in danger of allowing them to become idols.  Anybody ever heard of the Holy Grail?  This supposed cup that Jesus used at the last supper and then was used to catch his blood from the cross has gained more power than it should for people.  
    ○    Jesus left nothing, not even clothes as the soliders gambled for them.  The disciples never left us any pictures of Jesus when they died.  It was for the reason as to not allow these things to start to become an idol for some people.  
    ○    the purpose for the pictures in our homes and the cross on our neck or pocket is to without words express who our Lord and savior is.  It is a statement into what we believe so that other people will be drawn to the savior. That should be the only purpose for it.  Just as God did not want His chosen people to be drawn to the idols of the people in the land they invaded He wants others to be drawn to know Him by the images that represent Him.  
    ○    the images are ok if your heart is not using them to replace God as number 1 in your life.  Their purpose should be to help others find a relationship with God.  
    ○    We shouldn’t need them to help remind us to stay close to God because we have the Holy Spirit in us.  At times they will serve that purpose as well.  We need to keep them in their proper place.  

●    Wiersbe reminds us the when God says He is a jealous God that it does not mean that He is envious of other Gods.  It expresses His love for His people and He wants the best for them.  
    ○    Wiersbe relates it to being Jealous over a spouse in that you don’t want any competition for their attention.  
    ○    Idolatry in scripture is equal to prostitution and adultery (hosea 1-3, Jeremiah 2-3 Ezek 16, 23 and James 4:4-5) all talk about the adultery of idol worship.  
    ○    God desires and should have our exclusive love.  If we don’t give that to Him then we will see generations reap the punishment of that action.  
    ○    if we do follow this commandment then future generations will be blessed.  
●    This wraps up the first 2 commandments and these are really serious warnings to place God first in all areas of our lives. 


The Third Commandment

    Now we will look at the thrid commandment.  This is an interesting one because it has a broad meaning to it.  There is a big range of things that fall into this commandment.  

Does anybody know what the 3rd commandment is?

What does this commandment include?  

Exodus 20:7
Some people think that this is only taking an oath in the name of God, or swearing to God.  This commandment as I stated before covers a large area.  I studied many people about this and there were some differences in what was talked about.  D.L. Moody focused mainly on making oaths to God.  Wiersbe talked more about it being disrespectful to not honor the name of God.  He points out how important a person’s name or reputation is.  He tells us that the start of the Lord’s prayer says “Hallowed be thy name.”  

I think that the commentary I read by Matthew Henry really explained it in good detail.  He said that there are 5 ways that we take the Lord’s name in vein and violate the commandment.  

1.    Hypocrisy- Which is to make a profession of God’s name , but not live up to that profession.  To say that you are a Christian but then to live in the same manner that you did before you claimed the name of Christ.  This behavior by people causes a lot of people to turn away from wanting any relationship with God at all.  It has been said that one of the greatest causes of atheism today is to speak God with your lips but to deny Him with your actions/lifestyle.  This will cause the worship of the people in the hypocrisy to be in vein.  Matthew 15:7-9 Jesus talks about this:
        “Hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy about you, saying: These people draw near to Me with their mouth and jonoe Me with their lips but their heart is far from Me. And in vain they worship Me teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.  
    When we live a life of hypocrisy then our worship is in vain as God does not want our shallow worship of Him.  He doesn’t just want worship He wants all commitment to Him.

    2.  Covenant breaking.  This is making promises to God and not living up to the promise that we make.  Some people make deals with God and say to Him if you will give me this or do this thing for me than I will do this for your service.  Then the person does not fulfill their end of the deal. Just making any promise to God for something for you to do and then not living up to it.  

    3. By rash swearing, mentioning the name of the Lord or any of His attributes when there is no call for it.  This is done today in many ways to express shock and to express anger or frustration.  We have all heard people do it and maybe even done it ourselves.  It is so popular that now all you need to hear is the initals and you know what it means.  It is used on tv shows regularly and is considered entertainment to hear people say such things.

    4. Then there is false swearing, where you make a oath to someone else and use God as your witness that you made the oath.  When you don’t fulfill it then you are making God witness to a lie, instead of showing Him honor by completing the oath that you took.  One example of this would be divorcing from a marriage that you said until death due you part.  The minister usually says by the power given them by God and in front of Him and all the people at the wedding.  
 Jesus again speaks about this
Matthew 5:33 says Again you have heard that it was said to those of old You shall not swear falsely; but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.  

Jesus then also goes on to say that we should not swear against heaven or earth or anything in the earth at all.  But to let our yes be yes and our no be no.  Keeping your word and your promises to people and more importantly to God.  Do what you say you will do.  

    5. By using the name of God lightly and carelessly with our any though to the significance of His name.  Some people will profanly use His name under the cloud of devotion to Him.  This is similar to rash swearing but this is usually more subtle and doesn’t always look as obvious as the rash bluting out of a name of God.    They are not giving the name of God the proper repsect it deserves.

So now all this to say that it is clearly a sin to use the name of God incorrectly and carelessly.  Also our actions should not put into the vain category the name of God.  When we tell God we are going to do something then we need to do it.  Also we need to act like we belong to God and not just say it.  

What about the words that we might say that are called cussing in this day in age.  Are they part of this?  First off cussing are words that are culturally unacceptable.  While there is no list in the Bible about these words because they vary from culture to culture, in that they might not mean the same thing in another language as they do here.  While it is not clear here we have other verses that talk about these sort of things.  Ephesians 4:29 says “Let no corrupt word proceed out of your mouth, but what is good for necessary edification, that it may impart grace to the hearers.  Anything that is corrupt is rotten or foul.  So foul language should not come from the lips of a christian.  

We must remember that we will one day be called to give an account of every word that we speak.  We don’t want to have to give an account of the foul words that we wpoke that is is violation of this command.  
One last thing to cover is that it is still not ok to substitute a different phrase for foul language or the Lord’s name.  Christians use what is called euphemisms to express displeasure in something but don’t what to use the actual name so as to not break the commandment.  This should not be a practice that we are engaging is because it is still a matter of what is on your heart.  Luke 6:45 says “The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of evil treasures brings forth what is evil; for his mouth speaks from that which fills his heart.  

even if you change the words the matter is in your heart and that is what God judges.  

 Commandments 4-7

●    Today we are going to keep talking about the ten commandments.  
●    Have you learned anything in the first 3 that we have talked about?  Have you had a better understanding of the commandments so that you might see some areas that you could be breaking the commandments when you did not realize it before?  
●        I have been more aware of what I have been saying this week and about different sayings that I have used that are actually breaking the 3rd commandment.  
●    So today we are going to look at the 4th and 5th commandments. The 4th one is about the worship of God.  This is the last of the ones that are about the worship or relationship with God.  The last 6 deal with how we relate to others.  
●     Exodus 20:8-11
●    During the days of creation God showed us the standard of this rule.  He made creation in 6 days and what does is say in Genesis that he did on the 7th?  
●    Sabbath means rest.  So we are called to rest on the Sabbath.  We are also called to keep it holy which means to focus on Him and make it a day in which we commit to God.  
●    We have 6 days for ourselves in which we are to be with the Lord but one day in 7 we should be offering the day to Him without distraction.  
●    We are to do no worldly work on the 7th day.  There needs to be the work that is needed to live, feeding livestock, feeding ourselves, etc.  The things that are needed for survival is not considered worldly work.  It was interesting to read about Moody and his take on what was happening in the nation in his time of the 1800's.  He was highly upset about the paper being printed and delievered on Sundays.  He called for everyone to not read the newspaper on Sunday.  I can’t imagine how upset he would be now with stores open 7 days a week and sports activity on Sunday.  We are to be careful not to fall into the legalistic view that the Pharisees had and that they wanted nothing done.  They added 39 things to the law that made it a burden to follow instead of a blessing for the people.  They were even upset with Jesus because he healed on the Sabbath.  
●    This day is to be a blessing to us as we send time in rest for our physical body but also in service and worship to God.  Worship to God should bring rest to our Spirit within us.  We are not to wear ourselves out in worship though.  If we spend this day at an exhausting pace of service to God then we are not honoring the intent of the sabbath.  It can be overdone by filling the day up with some much activity that we are more tired then when the day started.  
●    Some people have jobs that require them to work some or all Sundays because it is needed.  It is not possible for those people to do the work that God has called them to do and still honor the Sabbath on Sunday.  The thing about this is that they spend at least 1 day in 7 as a Sabbath.  We are not to work 7 days a week without taking a day to rest.  Rest for people is different then other people.  Some may find rest by watching sports, some by taking a nap, some by working in the yard.  Each man is gifted with the things that they enjoy and find rest in and should do these things to the Lord on the Sabbath.  
●    How did the Sabbath change from the 7th day of the week to Sundays?  Well in the early days after the resurrection the people of God met on the first day of the week.  This is talked about in John 20:19, and 26, Acts 20:7, and I Cor. 16:2.  
●    Paul cautions us in Romans to not judge anybody about the way they follow the laws including the Sabbath.  Romans 14:4-12.  It is a matter of the heart for each person to keep this rule.  We should not be judging anybody based on what we perceive them doing in their lives.  
●    We as followers of Christ should be living each and every day in a worshipful attitude to God.  Our entire lives should be lived to the glory of God.  Every day should be like the Sabbath for us but we are still called to take one of 7 and rest and focus more attention on God.
●    One more thing to point out about this rule is that notice that the passage mentions many people in this to remove all doubt that it is to be followed by everyone.  Notice that everyone is mentioned here except the wife or spouse.  That is because when we become married that God sees 2 people become one so when He commands us to follow the commandment then both husband and wife are to follow it because they are one.  



●    Exodus 20:12

●    Some people feel that this command is just for children and while it is a good point, but it is more than that.  This is talking about the way that all people should treat their parents.  When our parents get older they may need for us to help take care of them.  
●    we honor them by helping to provide for their needs and making their lives as good as possible Throughout their whole lives including older age.  This does not mean tricking them into changing their will so you cheat your siblings out of the inheritance like Jacob did.  It is really sad that people will use their parents to cheat their siblings out of anything that is going to them in the will.  
●    Matthew Henry tells us that honor means to have a decent respect to persons, an inward eseem of them outwardly expressed upon all occasions in our conduct towards them.  Give them reverence or fear in the form of respect.  
●    Proverbs 30:17 defines what not honoring them would be.  
●    The eye that mocks a father
and despises a mother’s instructions
will be plucked out by ravens of the valley
and eaten by vultures.

●    part of honoring them is to obey them and follow their instruction and advice.  
●    Parents have the responsibility of not frustrating and caring for their children as well.  We set the example of what honoring and caring for someone is.  
●    if we do this then we will live blessed for a long period of time on the land.  
●    Moody points out that there is 2 examples of sons in the old testament that we can model our selves after.  Joseph who became the 2nd highest in Egypt and did not rest until his aged father was taken care of in Egypt, and went out to greet him when Jacob first got there.  Or there is Absalom who lead a rebellion against King David and took the throne and his fathers concubines.  It is Jewish custom to throw a stone at Absalom’s pillar when they pass by it as a token of their horror at his conduct.  
●    One other point to make about this commandment is that as we talked about with honoring the sabbath day, God sees married couples as one person so we should be honoring in-laws as well as our parents.  Society today has made it commonplace to critize the in-laws but we should be treating them with the same respect as our parents.  
●    We should also be honoring our heavenly father in the same ways that we can by having reverence for Him and following his instructions and leading in our life daily.  



●    Exodus 20:13
●    This is a pretty straight forward command.  
●    We are not to kill anybody.  There are some exceptions in the law.  
●    Self defense, Jesus confirmed this in Matthew 24:43
    Understand this: If a homeowner knew exactly when a burglar was coming, he would keep watch and not permit his house to be broken into.
●    capital punishment, God give Noah this command in Genesis 9:6
     If anyone takes a human life, that person’s life will also be taken by human hands. For God made human beings in his own image.
●    War is sometimes a justified form of murder.  
●    things that are not allowed are the murder in revenge.  Like duels in the days of past.  
●    Moody calls it the malicious, intentional taking of a human life under wrong motives or circumstances.  
●    Sometimes murder is not an immediate death to the person.  It should still be considered murder when it takes a while for the death to occur.  Should the person who owns a company that has unsafe working conditions and results in the death over time of the employees or former employees.  What about someone who knowingly sells bad food that makes people sick and die.  
●    Jesus takes it a step further in Matthew 5 21-22 he says
●    “You have heard that our ancestors were told, ‘You must not murder. If you commit murder, you are subject to judgment.’

 But I say, if you are even angry with someone, you are subject to judgment! If you call someone an idiot, you are in danger of being brought before the court. And if you curse someone, you are in danger of the fires of hell.
●    in the kjv, and nkjv the word for idiot is raca which to people of that day it was an insult.  It was like calling someone godless.  
To the Jewish people of this time it was a deep insult.  
●    if we speak to or even about a person with insult or meanness then we are murdering with our heart or mind.  
●    notice that this verse says angry without cause.  Even Jesus got angry with people but we need to control ourselves so that we do not sin because of our anger.  Getting angry with someone who has really truly wronged you is ok when under control.  
●    if we react in a way that tries to correct the situation and end our anger then we are handling it the right way.  If we allow it to get out of control then the anger becomes sinful and could lead to many other things.
●    another type of murder that is not allowed is suicide,  length of days should be looked at as a blessing.  We don’t know what God has planned for us in our days and to cut it short by ending our own life ruins the plans that God has.  
●    so we see that it is a straight forward rule but also when you talk about someone in a harmful way, or gossip about someone then that is like committing murder against the person.



●    #7 Exodus 20:14
●    the Bible defines any sexual act outside of the bonds of marriage as sexual immorality (1 cor7:1-5, 8-9).  
●    the importance of marriage is clearly shown in the Bible from the garden of eden right through the entire Bible is speaks of marriage.  Marriage is the most common thing attacked by the enemy.  He is working very hard to break apart marriage and the family.  In 1895 Moody reports that there was 25,000 divorces.  In 2017 there was 787,251 divorces in 45 states.
●    Moody says that divorce and debauchery go hand in hand.  Today we have all of the sexaul confusion going on around the country.  Society is coming out with new words to describe the sin that caused the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.  We are on that path.
●    One other thing that Moody states in his book is that anybody who steals the virtue of a woman outside of marriage is “the meanest thief that ever was on the face of the earth.”  Moody states woman here, but I personally think that even more than that is one who does that to a child.
●    there are some people that just move from one sexual relationship to another and even more so some people target people that have kept themselves pure and consider it a challenge to take that virtue.
●    Jesus defines Adultery as
●    Mat 5:27: You have heard the commandment that says, ‘You must not commit adultery.’

Mat 5:28 - But I say, anyone who even looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Mat 5:29 - So if your eye—even your good eye—causes you to lust, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.

●    Jesus makes this plain and we in this day of technology have the easiest access to things that would cause lust in our lives.  From Pornography online to the tv shows and movies we watch.  Even tv commericals are designed to tempt us to lust to sell to us.  
●    Lust is the devils counterfeit to the love between a husband and wife.  It is different for different people.  What causes a person to lust might not cause another person to lust.  Anything that starts our minds to think about that person in a way that should only be between a married couple is lust.  He wants to have us give into lust so that it hurts the bonds between a husband and wife relationship.  When we give into lust it will lead to more and more sins if left unchecked.  Which will truly hurt the family relationship.  
●    when he destroys the family in a society he destroys the society.  Jesus is clear about lusting and removing your own eye if need be to stop the problem.  
●    Job is believed to be the oldest book of the Bible and he talks about making a commitment to not lust after a woman.
●    Job 31:1 “I made a covenant with my eyes
not to look with lust at a young woman.

●    We must take this commandment to heart and guard our lives very carefully about this.  We will be tempted in our lives and we must not give into lust.  We need to stand our ground and resist the temptations that are coming at us every day.  
●    We need to make the covenant with our eyes that Job made about looking at people with lust.
●    our society is headed down a path of destruction and it is one that has caused societies to fall before.  



Commandments 8-10

■    Today we are going to finish looking at the ten commandments.  We have looked at the first 7 already, has anybody learned anything new about these commandments that they did not realize before?  Anybody want to share?  

■    The 8th Commandment Exodus 20:15 Do not Steal.  This is an easy one right?  None of us steal at all.  We can just move on to the next one, right.  

■    Most people will not take something that belongs to someone else don’t think twice about trying to trying to get out of paying taxes that are owed.  What about getting something from a large company that they are not entitled to.  In God’s eyes taking what from a government or large company is just as wrong as taking the last piece of food from a poor person.  
■    Some people feel that it is justified to “cheat” the corporation or government out of what is due to them because people feel that they have enough money and they don’t need more of mine.  Have you ever heard someone say that the government is just going to use it wrong so it is better to keep my money and not let them have it?  This is not a new problem.  People have tried to get out of paying taxes throughout the centuries.  Jesus spoke about paying taxes in Mark 12:14-17.   
■    Here the leaders are trying to trap Him into saying that we should not have to pay taxes, but we are called to give to the government what is due them, even when we do not like it.  We see another example of this in Matthew 17:27 However, we don’t want to offend them, so go down to the lake and throw in a line. Open the mouth of the first fish you catch, and you will find a large silver coin. Take it and pay the tax for both of us.”  He is telling Peter to go get a coin out the mouth of a fish to pay the tax so that there will be no problem.  
■    We are called to pay to the ruling authorities what is owed to them.  If they are being unfair like most tax collectors in the days of the Bible were and taking too much money from the people then that is stealing as well.  Also the Bible advises rulers to not take advantage of their people in any way including taxes so that would be stealing from the people.  Even if the tax is unfair we are called to pay it and work to get the rule changed.  
■    Have you ever negotiated with someone to get something cheaper and told them that the item was not worth what they were asking for it and then went and bragged about how you got them to lower the price and got such a great bargain?  Do you think that could be considered stealing?  
■    Proverbs 20:14 says:  The buyer haggles over the price, saying, “It’s worthless,”
       then brags about getting a bargain!
■    There is a fine line here between honest negotiation and cheating someone out of something they are due for an item.  If you know that someone is in a desperate need for money and you use that to get them to lower their price on something so you can get a bargain is that not a form of stealing.  If you are shopping for a car and you know the car is worth a certain amount and the person or business is asking a higher price then it would be right to stand your ground and not pay more than it is actually worth.  When we point out all the flaws of the item and call it junk as the verse says knowing that the flaws are really not taking away from the value of the item then we are trying to get something for cheaper then we should.
■    Just as kings are told to not tax their people too heavy, employers are told to pay fair wages to their employees, and treat them with respect.  
■    Likewise employees are told to work hard for their employers and not cheat them out of what is due them.  We should be giving the full days work for the full days pay.  If we goof off then we are stealing from our employer, just as if the employer is not paying fairly then they are stealing from the employee.  
■    if we are being treated in a way that is not right by our employers then we need to either seek God to help us find somewhere else to work, or be praying that the employer changes their ways.  We are to do our best while we are there and God will reward to effort.  
■    Col 3:22 says:    
    Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything you do. Try to please them all the time, not just when they are watching you. Serve them sincerely because of your reverent fear of the Lord.

    Col 3:23
    Work willingly at whatever you do, as though you were working for the Lord rather than for people.    The term slaves and also means employees.  
■    So we see here that there is more to look at when we are taking about stealing.  It is more than just something that belongs to someone else.  These are some extra things that we may not have thought about in the past.  We need to be aware of these and any others that God shows us in our lives and make sure we are not doing them.  We also need to make it right if we have done these things as well.  Jesus said to make right with your brother before coming to God with your praises.
■    questions, thoughts, comments?

■    lets move onto number 9 Exodus 20:16
■    this is the second of 2 commandments that deal with sins of the tongue.  Anyone know what the other commandment is? #3 Lord’s name in vein.
■    The tongue is very powerful and can build up and can destroy.  It has been called a fire that can destroy many things with it.   Society depends on communication for survival.  Most communication is done verbally.  What would society look like if nothing that anybody said could be believed as truth?  Society would be in chaos and nothing would get accomplished.  Have you ever known someone that says whatever no matter if there is truth to it or not; so much that you get to the point you feel they are lying with every word they say?  If that person says they will do something that you are counting on do you worry about whether it will happen of not?  We need to be able to trust our neighbors and fellow people.  That is why this command is important.  
■    this command is likely the most broken of all of them and also done by more people than any other one.  You don’t have to teach children to lie; you need to teach them not to lie.  David says in Psalm 116:11
■    In my anxiety I cried out to you,
    “These people are all liars!”
■    This commandment covers a wide range of things under false witness.  Perjury, lying, slander, gossip, are only some of the ways this command can be broken.  How about not telling all the facts?  By with holding some of the details then you are changing the meaning of what is being said.  If this is done intentionally then you are deceiving which falls under breaking this commandment.  
■    it is a matter again of what is in your heart because out of the heart the mouth speaks.  Remember we should not have kind words and words meant to tear down coming from the same mouth.  
■    in God’s eyes a lie is a lie.  We sometimes have what we call a little white lie, but it is still a lie.  If we are to commit to never break this commandment and lie again which is the thing to do in God’s eyes then there is no white lie.  Anybody have any suggestions for how to handle telling the truth even when the truth might hurt the person?  
■    We should not lie and also we need to not be involved in times when gossip or slanderous actions are happening about a person.  This is the best way to keep this commandment.  
■    questions, comments, thoughts

■    Now we come to the 10th commandment.  Does anybody know what this is?  Do not covet!  
■    What is Coveting?  Desiring something that does not belong to you.  
■    We are all familar with this concept.  “Keeping up with the Joneses” is a common phrase for people who need to have the same things as the people around them or people they admire and aspire to be like.  
■    it does not have to be material things, but could be traits that another person has that we want to have.  We may want the confidence another person has, beauty is another, happiness that another has.  We wonder how that person has that and we want to get it ourselves.    
■    this is a hard sin to break away from.    It was basically the first sin that Eve gave into.  She wanted what Satan said that they would have if they ate the fruit.  She desired it and took it, while not being satisified with the many blessings that God had given to them in the garden already.  
■    lack of contentment comes with this sin.  We are not happy with what God has done for us already.  We want more and sometimes we will always want more and it will never end.  This is a huge problem in today’s society of being marketed to that you need to have this item to make life easier and that it must be the latest and best model of it.  
■    if we don’t learn to control the desire to have what others have and learn to be happy with what God has blessed us with then we will struggle to prevent this from becoming other sins.  David did not control this when he coveted another man’s wife and it lead to adultery, murder, and the death of an innocent child.  He had be blessed by God with so much and still wanted more.  
■    Moody points out in his book on the ten commandments that desires are “actions in the egg”, the desire in the heart is the first step in a series that leads to action.  We don’t want to hatch the egg of actions that result from coveting.  What starts in the heart leads to outward actions.  
■    make no mistake that God knows what is in a persons heart.  Listen to the word of Jesus in Luke 12:2-3
■    The time is coming when everything that is covered up will be revealed, and all that is secret will be made known to all.

    Luk 12:3
    Whatever you have said in the dark will be heard in the light, and what you have whispered behind closed doors will be shouted from the housetops for all to hear!
 ■    Just like with David and his sin with Bathseba when his sins were revealed anything that we believe to be done in private will be known.  
 ■    as with all of these commandments they start in the heart and lead to other things.  With most of the overall commands desire starts it and it can lead to actions.  If we covet in our heart then we will break others.  
 ■    So let’s close out by turning to Luke 12 and see what Jesus has to say about the best way to keep our heart clean and avoid covetousness.
 ■    Vs:29-34
 ■    then he goes on to say through vs 48 that we should be at service for God and ready for His return because we don’t know when that will be.
 ■    Questions, comments, thoughts.
 ■    has everybody enjoyed this study of the ten commandments?  

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